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"Woman In Underwear" (1919)

mixed media


signed lower right

*private collection, Sydney


Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel was a leading Austro-German Expressionist, Degenerate Artist, Printmaker, Secessionist & member of the Wiener Werkstätte. He acquired his artistic training at Munich’s Kunstgewerbeschule 

(School of Applied Arts), the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts under Griepenkerl, & briefly, at the Vienna Kunstgewerbeschule. Jungnickel exhibited at the 1908 Kunstschau (Art Show) in Vienna. That same year, he was awarded an important commission for a wall frieze in the children’s room at the Palais Stoclet in Brussels—a comprehensive environment designed and constructed by the Wiener Werkstätte between 1905-11. Following his involvement with the Stoclet project, Jungnickel remained active in the Wiener Werkstätte as a designer of wallpaper and postcards. In 1911, his 1909 series of ten color woodcuts of animals earned a prize at the “International Art Exhibition” in Rome. That same year, the artist accepted a professorship at Frankfurt’s Kunstgewerbeschule, a position he would hold for barely twelve months. In 1914, he befriended Egon Schiele, and joined him to Cesky Krumlov. From 1917-22, he published several print cycles. Influenced by Kokoschka and Schiele, Jungnickel for a time experimented with figural work, but the better part of his oeuvre depicts animal subjects. “Through animals one sees deep, because they are the highest form of nature, mankind included,” he wrote in 1926. “For us, the animal is the bridge to greater nature.” In 1939, after the Nazis branded his art “degenerate,” Jungnickel emigrated to Yugoslavia. He was awarded the title of professor by the Austrian Federal President (58), the Golden Medal of Honour of the City of Vienna (61) & honorary membership of the Vienna Künstlerhaus (64).

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